Rosa Rodríguez Bailón


I am a professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Granada. I teach in the Degree in Psychology (Social Psychology) and in the official Master in Psychology of Social Intervention (Social Psychology of Inequality), both at the University of Granada.

I have carried out research stays at the Catholic University of Louvain (Belgium) and at the University of York (Canada).

Main interests

  • Antecedents, consequences and psychosocial correlates of the perception and experience of economic and gender inequality.
  • Psychosocial effects of power disparities.
  • Social cognition, stereotypes, prejudice and discrimination.


Training and professional career



University of Granada


Associate Professor

University of Granada


PhD in Psychology

University of Granada



Sánchez-Rodríguez, Á., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Willis, G. B. (2023). The economic inequality as normative information model (EINIM). European Review of Social Psychology, 1-41. 


García-Castro, J. D., García-Sánchez, E., Willis, G. B., Castillo, J. C., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2022). Perceived economic inequality measures and their association with objective inequality and redistributive preferences. Social Psychology.

García-Sánchez, E., Correia, I., Pereira, C. R., Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Vala, J. (2022). How fair is economic inequality? Belief in a just world and the legitimation of economic disparities in 27 European countries. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 48(3),

Willis G. B., García-Sánchez E., Sánchez-Rodríguez Á., García-Castro J. D., Rodríguez-Bailón R. (2022). The psychosocial effects of economic inequality depend on its perception. Nature Reviews Psychology.

Sainz, M., Martínez, R., Matamoros-Lima, J., Moya, M., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2022). Perceived economic inequality enlarges the perceived humanity gap between low-and high-socioeconomic status groups. The Journal of Social Psychology, 1-14. 

García‐Castro, J. D., García‐Sánchez, E., Montoya‐Lozano, M., & Rodríguez‐Bailón, R. (2022). The perception of economic inequality in everyday life: My friends with the most and least money. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 25(1), 20-34. 

Velandia-Morales A., Rodríguez-Bailón R., Martínez R. (2022). Economic inequality increases the preference for status consumption. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, Article 809101.

Sánchez-Rodríguez, Á., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Willis, G. B. (2022). Economic inequality affects perceived normative values. Group Processes & Intergroup Relations, 25(1), 211–226.


Melita, D., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2021). Economic inequality increases status anxiety through perceived contextual competitiveness. Frontiers in psychology, 12,

Moya-Garófano, A., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Moya, M., & Megías, J.L., (2021). Stranger harassment (“piropo”) and women’s self-objectification: the role of anger, happiness and empowerment. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 36, 2306–2326.

Sainz, M., Martínez, R., Moya, M., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Vaes, J. (2021). Lacking socioeconomic status reduces subjective well-being through perceptions of meta-dehumanization. British Journal of Social Psychology, 60, 470–489.


Melita, D., Velandia-Morales, A., Iruela-Toro, D., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2020). Spanish version of the Status Anxiety Scale (Versión española de la Escala de Ansiedad por el Estatus). International Journal of Social Psychology, 35(2), 342-369.

Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2020). Inequality viewed through the mirror of COVID-19 (La desigualdad ante el espejo del COVID-19). International Journal of Social Psychology, 35(3), 647-655.

García-Castro, J. D., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Willis, G. B. (2020). Perceiving economic inequality in everyday life decreases tolerance to inequality. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 90, 104019. 

Rodríguez-Bailón R., Sánchez-Rodríguez Á., García-Sánchez E., Petkanopoulou K., Willis G. B. (2020). Inequality is in the air: Contextual psychosocial effects of power and social class. Current Opinion in Psychology, 33, 120–125.

García-Sánchez, E., Osborne, D., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2020). Attitudes towards redistribution and the interplay between perceptions and beliefs about inequality. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59(1), 111136.

 Sainz, M., Loughnan, S., Martínez, R., Moya, M., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2020). Dehumanization of socioeconomically disadvantaged groups decreases support for welfare policies via perceived wastefulness. International Review of Social Psychology, 33(1): 12, 1–13.

Moya-Garófano, A., Moya, M., Megías, J.L. & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2020). Social perceptions of Spanish women according to their reactions to a stranger harassment situation (piropo). Sex Roles, 83, 163–178.


García-Sánchez, E., Van der Toorn, J., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Willis, G. B. (2019). The Vicious Cycle of Economic Inequality: The Role of Ideology in Shaping the Relationship Between “What Is” and “What Ought to Be” in 41 Countries. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 10(8), 991–1001.

García-Castro, J. D., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2019). I know people who can and who cannot: A measure of the perception of economic inequality in everyday life. The Social Science Journal, 56(4), 599-608.

Sánchez‐Rodríguez, Á., Willis, G. B., Jetten, J., & Rodríguez‐Bailón, R. (2019). Economic inequality enhances inferences that the normative climate is individualistic and competitive. European Journal of Social Psychology, 49(6), 1114-1127.

Sánchez‐Rodríguez, Á., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez‐Bailón, R. (2019). Economic and social distance: Perceived income inequality negatively predicts an interdependent self‐construal. International Journal of Psychology, 54(1), 117-125.

Sánchez-Rodríguez, Á., Jetten, J., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez Bailón, R. M. (2019). High economic inequality makes us feel less wealthy. International Review of Social Psychology, 32(1), 111.

Sainz, M., Martinez, R., Moya, M., & Rodriguez-Bailon, R. (2019). Animalizing the disadvantaged, mechanizing the wealthy: the convergence of socioeconomic status and attribution of humanity. International Journal of Psychology, 54(4), 423-430.

Sainz, M., Sutton, R., Moya, M., Martínez, R., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2019). Less human, more to blame: Animalizing poor people increases blame and decreases support for wealth redistribution. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations,

Bukowski, M., de Lemus, S., Rodriguez-Bailon, R., Willis, G. B., & Alburquerque, A. (2019). When lack of control enhances closeness to others: The case of unemployment and economic threat. EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 49(6), 1144–1160.

Sainz, M., Martinez, R., Rodriguez-Bailon, R., & Moya, M. (2019). Where does the money come from? Humanizing high socioeconomic status groups undermines attitudes towards redistribution. Frontiers in Psychology, section Personality and Social Psychology, 10: 771.


García-Sánchez, E., Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Palacio Sañudo, J., David Polo, J., & Rentería Pérez, E. (2018). Perceptions of economic inequality and support for redistribution: The role of existential and utopian standards. Social Justice Research, 31(4), 335-354.

Petkanopoulou, K., Sánchez-Rodríguez, Á., Willis, G. B., Chryssochoou, X., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2018). Two Countries in Crisis: Economic Inequality in the EU and Disidentification With Europe in Spain and Greece. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 49(6), 888–906.

García-Sánchez, E., Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., García-Castro, J. D., Palacio-Sañudo, J., Polo, J., & Rentería-Pérez, E. (2018). Perceptions of economic inequality in Colombian daily life: More than unequal distribution of economic resources. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 1660.

Telga, M., de Lemus, S., Canadas, E., Rodriguez-Bailon, R., & Lupianez, J. (2018). Category-Based Learning About Deviant Outgroup Members Hinders Performance in Trust Decision Making. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY, 9.


Rodriguez‐Bailon, R., Bratanova, B., Willis, G. B., Lopez‐Rodriguez, L., Sturrock, A., & Loughnan, S. (2017). Social class and ideologies of inequality: How they uphold unequal societies. Journal of Social Issues, 73(1), 99-116.

Martínez, R., Moya, M., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2017). Humanos, animales y máquinas: entendiendo el proceso de deshumanización. Escritos de Psicología, 10(3), 178-189.

Moya-Garófano, A., Megías, J.L., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Moya, M. (2017). Spanish version of the Objectified Body Consciousness Scale (OBCS): results from two samples of female university students / Versión española de la Objectified Body Consciousness Scale (OBCS): resultados correspondientes a dos muestras de estudiantes universitarias. Revista de Psicología Social, 32(2), 362-394.

Martínez, R., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Moya, M. & Vaes, J. (2017). How do different humanness measures relate? Confronting the attribution of secondary emotions, human uniqueness and human nature traits. Journal of Social Psychology, 157(2), 165-180.

Martínez, R., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Moya, M. & Vaes, J. (2017). Interacting with dehumanized others? Only if they are objectified. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 20(4), 465–482.

Jimenez-Moya, G., Rodriguez-Bailon, R., Spears, R., & de Lemus, S. (2017). Collective resistance despite complicity: High identifiers rise above the legitimization of disadvantage by the in-group. BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 56(1), 103–124.

Bukowski, M., de Lemus, S., Rodriguez-Bailon, R., & Willis, G. B. (2017). Who’s to blame? Causal attributions of the economic crisis and personal control. GROUP PROCESSES & INTERGROUP RELATIONS, 20(6), 909–923.


Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., López-Rodríguez, L., & García-Sánchez, E. (2015). Legitimacy moderates the relation between perceived and ideal economic inequalities. Social Justice Research, 28, 493-508.

Jimenez-Moya, G., Spears, R., Rodriguez-Bailon, R., & de Lemus, S. (2015). By Any Means Necessary? When and Why Low Group Identification Paradoxically Predicts Radical Collective Action. JOURNAL OF SOCIAL ISSUES, 71(3), 517–535.


Durante, F., Fiske, S. T., Kervyn, N., Cuddy, A. J. C., Akande, A. D., Adetoun, B. E., Adewuyi, M. F., Tserere, M. M., Ramiah, A. A., Mastor, K. A., Barlow, F. K., Bonn, G., Tafarodi, R. W., Bosak, J., Cairns, E., Doherty, C., Capozza, D., Chandran, A., Chryssochoou, X., Iatridis, T., Contreras, J. M., Costa-Lopes, R., González, R., Lewis, J. I., Tushabe, G., Leyens, J. P., Mayorga, R., Rouhana, N. N., Castro, V. S., Perez, R., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Moya, M., Morales Marente, E., Palacios Gálvez, M., Sibley, C. G., Asbrock, F., Storari, C. C. (2013). Nations’ income inequality predicts ambivalence in stereotype content: how societies mind the gap. British Journal of Social Psychology, 52, 726–746.


Jimenez-Moya, G., de Lemus, S., Rodriguez-Bailon, R., & Spears, R. (2012). Dealing with powerlessness: The strategic use of ingroup stereotypes. REVISTA DE PSICOLOGIA SOCIAL, 27(3), 355–367.


Moya, M. y Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (Coords.) (2011). Fundamentos de Psicología Social. Madrid: Pirámide. ISBN: 978-84-368-2431-5

Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R. y Moya, M. (2011). Los estereotipos y su contenido en España. En E. M. Techio y M. E. Oliveira (Coords.), Cultura e produçao das diferenças (pp. 107-135). Brasilia: TechnoPolitik Editora.

Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Jiménez-Moya, R. y Moya, M. (2011). Estereotipos y prejuicio. En M. Moya y R. Rodríguez-Bailón (Coords.), Fundamentos de Psicología Social (pp. 117-146). Madrid: Pirámide.


Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Moya, M., & Morales-Marente, E. (2010). Actitud hacia los futbolistas nacionalizados: El rol de la ideología y la conveniencia. Revista de Psicología Social, 25(3), 325-335.

Martínez-Gutiérrez, R., Rodríguez-Bailón, R. & Moya, M. (2010). ¿Por qué tienen éxito y fracasan las personas con poder y sin poder? Poder y atribuciones de control.  Universitas Psychologica, 9(1), 61-70.


Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Ruiz, J., & Moya, M. (2009). The impact of music on automatically activated attitudes: flamenco and gypsy people. Group Processes and Intergroup Relationships, 12(3), 381-396.

Cuddy, A. J. C., Fiske, S. T., Kwan, V. S. Y., Glick, P., Demoulin, S., Leyens, J-Ph., Bond, M. H.,Croizet, J-C., Ellemers, N., Sleebos, E., Htun, T. T., Yamamoto, M., Kim, H-J., Maio, G., Perry, J., Petkova, K., Todorov, V., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Morales, E., Moya, M., Palacios, M., Smith, V., Perez, R., Vala, J., & Ziegler, R. (2009). Is the stereotype content model culture bound? A cross-cultural comparison reveals systematic similarities and differences. British Journal of Social Psychology, 33, 1-33.


Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Moya, M., & Yzerbyt, V. (2006). Cuando el poder ostentado es inmerecido: sus efectos sobre la percepción y los juicios sociales. Psicothema, 18(2), 194-199.


Moya, M., y Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2002). Relaciones de poder y procesos cognitivos.  En J. F. Morales, D. Páez, A.L. Kornblit y D. Asún (Eds.), Psicología Social (pp. 177-200). Buenos Aires: Pearson Education.

Puertas, S., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Moya, M. (2002). Procesamiento automático y medición implícita de los estereotipos relacionados con el poder. Revista de Psicología Social, 17(1), 68-84.

Moya, M., Expósito, F., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Glick, P., & Páez, D. (2002). Sexismo ambivalente en España y Latinoamérica. SOCIOTAM, Revista Internacional de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades, XII (1), 139-167.

Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Moya, M. (2002). ¿Cómo perciben a sus superiores aquellos subordinados que experimentan su propia posición como injusta? Efectos de la (I /legitimidad de la falta de poder sobre la percepción social. Revista de Psicología Social, 17(1), 35-50.


Moya, M., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2001). Gender and Social Psychology in Spain. European Bulletin of Social Psychology, 13(3), 4-17.