Efraín García Sánchez


I am a postdoctoral researcher in the Department of Social Psychology at the University of Granada. I am currently participating in the UNDPOLAR project of the NORFACE Governance program, which focuses on the effect of economic inequality on polarization and political attitudes.

Main interests

  • Social psychological processes related to economic inequality, justice and attitudes towards policies.
  • Legitimacy of institutions and legal authorities, democracy and political culture.


Training and professional career


Postdoctoral Researcher

Universidad de Granada

2019 - 2021

Postdoctoral Researcher

Universidad de Sao Paulo


PhD in Psychology

Universidad de Granada


Master's Degree in Psychology of Social Intervention

Universidad de Granada


Degree in Psychology

Universidad del Valle, Colombia



Schwartz-Salazar, S., García-Sánchez, E., Martínez, R., Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2024). Development and validation of the Multidimensional Gender Inequality Perception Scale (MuGIPS). PLoS ONE 19(4): e0301755. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0301755

García-Sánchez, E., Matamoros-Lima, J., Moreno-Bella, E., Melita, D., Sánchez-Rodríguez, A., García-Castro, J. D., Rodríguez-Bailón, R. & Willis, G. (2024). Perceived economic inequality is negatively associated with subjective well-being through status anxiety and social trust. Social Indicators Research, 172, 239-260. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11205-024-03306-x

García-Sánchez, E., Turner-Zwinkels, F., Kesberg, R., Marot, M., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Willis, G. B., & Kuppens, T. (2024). Economic Threats, Political and National Identification Predict Affective Polarization: Longitudinal Evidence From Spain. International Review of Social Psychology37(1), Article 838. https://doi.org/10.5334/irsp.838

García-Sánchez, E., García-Castro, J. D., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2024). Economic Inequality and Unfairness Evaluations of Income Distribution Negatively Predict Political and Social Trust: Evidence From Latin America Over 23 Years. Social Psychological and Personality Science0(0). https://doi.org/10.1177/19485506231221310

Sánchez-Rodríguez, Á., García-Sánchez, E., Willis, G.B. and Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2024). Individual values predict desiring more economic inequality: The moderator role of social mobility. Int J Psychol, 59: 398-409. https://doi.org/10.1002/ijop.13114


Soler-Martínez, F. M., García-Sánchez, E., & Willis, G. B. (2023). Concerns about inequality in health, education and income jointly predict collective actions. Revista Latinoamericana de Psicología, 55, 99-108. https://doi.org/10.14349/rlp.2023.v55.12


García-Sánchez, E., García-Castro, J. D., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2022). Percepción de desigualdad económica en la vida cotidiana e ideología política: un estudio con jóvenes de España. Revista de Estudios Sociales, (79), 2-21. https://doi.org/10.7440/res79.2022.01

García-Sánchez, E., Castillo, J. C., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Willis, G. B. (2022). The Two Faces of Support for Redistribution in Colombia: Taxing the Wealthy or Assisting People in Need. Frontiers in sociology, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsoc.2022.773378

García-Castro, J. D., García-Sánchez, E., Willis, G. B., Castillo, J. C., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2022). Perceived economic inequality measures and their association with objective inequality and redistributive preferences. Social Psychology.https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-9335/a000498

García-Sánchez, E., Correia, I., Pereira, C. R., Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Vala, J. (2022). How fair is economic inequality? Belief in a just world and the legitimation of economic disparities in 27 European countries. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 48(3), 382-395.doi.org/10.1177/01461672211002

Willis G. B., García-Sánchez E., Sánchez-Rodríguez Á., García-Castro J. D., Rodríguez-Bailón R. (2022). The psychosocial effects of economic inequality depend on its perception. Nature Reviews Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1038/s44159-022-00044-0

García‐Castro, J. D., García‐Sánchez, E., Montoya‐Lozano, M., & Rodríguez‐Bailón, R. (2022). The perception of economic inequality in everyday life: My friends with the most and least money. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 25(1), 20-34. https://doi.org/10.1111/ajsp.12476 


Rodríguez-Bailón R., Sánchez-Rodríguez Á., García-Sánchez E., Petkanopoulou K., Willis G. B. (2020). Inequality is in the air: Contextual psychosocial effects of power and social class. Current Opinion in Psychology, 33, 120–125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.copsyc.2019.07.004

García-Sánchez, E., Osborne, D., Willis, G. B., & Rodríguez-Bailón, R. (2020). Attitudes towards redistribution and the interplay between perceptions and beliefs about inequality. British Journal of Social Psychology, 59(1), 111136. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjso.12326


García-Sánchez, E., Van der Toorn, J., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., & Willis, G. B. (2019). The Vicious Cycle of Economic Inequality: The Role of Ideology in Shaping the Relationship Between “What Is” and “What Ought to Be” in 41 Countries. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 10(8), 991–1001. https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550618811500


García-Sánchez, E., Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., Palacio Sañudo, J., David Polo, J., & Rentería Pérez, E. (2018). Perceptions of economic inequality and support for redistribution: The role of existential and utopian standards. Social Justice Research, 31(4), 335-354.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11211-018-0317-6

García-Sánchez, E., Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., García-Castro, J. D., Palacio-Sañudo, J., Polo, J., & Rentería-Pérez, E. (2018). Perceptions of economic inequality in Colombian daily life: More than unequal distribution of economic resources. Frontiers in psychology, 9, 1660.https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01660


Willis, G. B., Rodríguez-Bailón, R., López-Rodríguez, L., & García-Sánchez, E. (2015). Legitimacy moderates the relation between perceived and ideal economic inequalities. Social Justice Research, 28, 493-508.https://doi.org/10.1007/s11211-015-0253-7